Common Veterinary Internal Medicine Conditions in Pets

Common Veterinary Internal Medicine Conditions in Pets

Internal medicine experts (internists) specialize in disorders of the urinary and digestive tract, pancreas, liver, kidneys, lungs, respiratory, endocrine, and blood systems, and immune-mediated and infectious illnesses. If your pet has complex ailments, the diagnosis isn’t precise, or they aren’t responding to conventional treatments, your primary care veterinarian might recommend an internist.

Internists are an extension to your vet’s office, offering access to high-tech diagnostic tools and unrivaled therapeutic resources, including referrals to other specialists when needed. An internist works closely with other specialists to ensure that every pet receives a full range of treatment, collaboration, and combined expertise.

Internal Medicine Conditions

Getting an accurate diagnosis is essential when you fear your pet is suffering from a severe chronic illness. An internist will quickly identify the problem with your pet using advanced diagnostic techniques like endoscopy, ultrasonography, and an in-house laboratory. The following conditions can be treated with internists.

Joints or Arthritis Condition (Polyarthritis)

Polyarthritis can be described as a disorder that causes dogs to exhibit lameness in various joints, typically the wrist, hock, knee, and elbow. The diagnosis is generally determined by looking at radiographs taken of joints to rule out other issues, removing joint fluids for examination and culture, and doing tests on blood to rule out other diseases that are similarly affected. Anti-inflammatory medications are utilized to treat the condition. Look up “Veterinary internist Thornton” for best results.

Liver Disorders

Many different types of liver illnesses can affect both dogs and cats. Portosystemic Vascular Anomalies (PSVA) and Microvascular Dysplasia are two of the most frequent conditions (MVD).

These congenital genetic conditions tend to be more prevalent in tiny breeds of dogs. PSVA is also seen within large breeds of dogs and, to a lesser extent, cats.

PSVA is distinct from MVD because it results from one or two different veins that transport blood directly through the liver to the heart. Contrarily, MVD involves microscopic blood capillaries in the liver.

Chronic Hepatitis

Chronic hepatitis can be a prevalent illness in dogs. It is characterized by increased liver enzyme activity over several weeks to months and with only a clear clinical sign in the initial stages. 

The disease is characterized by chronic liver damage that is often mediated by our immune system. It may begin as the primary illness process or result from another disease condition and toxic or chemical or viral exposures.

Feline Hepatic Lipidosis (FHL)

The most frequent acute liver disease that cats suffer from is severe jaundice and the risk of dying without prompt supportive care. FHL is a disorder brought on by an inability to speak lasting several days. As a result, numerous main disease processes contribute to FHL and must be handled in conjunction with FHL diagnoses and treatment. A veterinary clinic like Caring Hands Veterinary Hospital has more information posted online.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease or IBD

Dogs with IBD often exhibit weight loss, diarrhea, and even vomit. Appetite loss, vomiting, weight loss, and diarrhea are typical symptoms of IBD for cats. An intestine biopsy through endoscopy or surgery is required to establish a definitive diagnosis.

A small intestine biopsy is essential to correctly distinguish small intestinal lymphoma and inflammatory intestinal disease. Prednisolone, vitamin supplements, and chlorambucil are commonly used in treatment. Cats with small-cell lymphoma have a favorable prognosis. A veterinarian like a Denver vet has different services offered.

Leptospirosis in Dogs

Leptospirosis can be a fatal condition leading to liver and renal failure. An extensive history and physical exam, urine and blood tests, and diagnostic imaging contribute to the determination.

Sometimes, dogs need to be admitted to a vet for a prolonged period to receive intravenous fluids and antibiotics to treat kidney illness. For as long as renal function is restored, the outlook is bright.