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Causes and Management of Mandibular Fracture in Pets

Causes and Management of Mandibular Fracture in Pets

Facial fractures are pretty common, but dealing with your pet’s broken jaw can be challenging. It’s tough to see our furry loved ones experiencing discomfort or going through surgery. They will deal with physical difficulties and some side effects and will be out of their playful behavior for a while. We, as owners, don’t want them to experience those as much as possible, but we also need to be prepared if this situation hits them. Let’s dig some information about this fracture.

Possible Causes of Jaw Fracture in Pets

Seeing them hurt is aggravating, and we don’t want them to feel discomfort for a long time. Here are some causes of jaw fracture.

Vehicular Accident

Watching your pet being struck by any vehicle is a bothersome experience; as a pet owner, you will be in shock; however, having a plan of action is needed in this type of situation. Jaw and face fracture is common, and you might see mouth bleeding, face bruises, jaw tightness, and sometimes loosened teeth. You need to remain calm and call the nearby emergency vet.

Fights With Other Animals

A fight between two animals, either a canine to a dog or a cat to a canine, can trigger jaw fractures. A canine bite can result in tearing, crushing, or tissue laceration. What appears like a minor scratch might end up being serious damage, as some infection could occur. Pet owners should watch for breathing, hopping, weakness, bleeding, and swelling; in some cases, your pet might collapse.


Neglected periodontal illness results in periodontitis and would end up being a serious gum infection; it can cause serious health complications that can destroy bones that expand and damage the jaw. Take action about this disease since it is really dangerous for family pets. Untreated periodontitis may lead to death. You can ask your pet’s veterinary dentist for more info regarding this disease.

Treatment for Jaw Fracture

Patients who experience injury like a vehicle accident animal fight will be prescribed pain medications, fluid, antibiotics, and X-rays. Vets may need the use of pins, wires, and other materials. Specific treatment will be developed after an examination under anesthesia that includes evaluation of tooth structures, bone, and blood vessels/nerves, oral Xrays, complete blood count, urinalysis, skull Xrays, and in some cases, CT scan. Most jaw fractures go through surgical treatment, and you will need a veterinary surgeon to perform it with care.

Vets will use techniques focusing on tooth and jaw alignment, including selective tooth extraction, bone grafting, intraoral composite splints, bonding of teeth, and in some cases, titanium plates. Owners should follow vets’ instructions after treatment and be sure to go to follow-up checkups even if your pet looks better. You can check facilities like New Hope Animal Hospital for more guidance on your pet’s fracture.

After Treatment Care for Jaw Fracture

Giving them food is the primary concern of most family pet owners after jaw treatment/ surgery. Your veterinarian will advise you of how frequently to feed them. Their appetite usually returns after a day; Some family pets require a feeding tube to eat since chewing can be difficult. In some, a soft diet is suggested, like softened kibbles.  Pet activities like running, leaping, or other exhausting activities must be restricted for a week after surgical treatment. Keeping them entertained throughout recovery can be helpful; a petting session will relieve stress and motivate the bond.